Eight excavation seasons at the Mousterian site of Nahal Mahanyeem Outlet (NMO) on the banks of the Upper Jordan River offer a glimpse into the life ways of MP people during a hunting expedition in the Northern Dead Sea Rift.
This open-air site, OSL dated to ca. 60ky BP, is interpreted as recording a series of short-term hunting events. The NMO horizons, with their small number of lithic artifacts, unique typological composition and evidence for task specific hunting and butchering activity fit within Binford’s definition of a “task location”.
Many of the models suggested to describe site pattern and mobility activity, such as the foraging and logistical models, are based primarily upon theoretical consideration and ethnographic evidence. NMO gives us the opportunity to test such models based on archaeological evidence.
New NMO paper! Yarochevich A. Oron M. & Sharon G. 2022. Big-game hunting during the late Middle Paleolithic in the Levant: Insights into technology and behavior from Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet, Upper Jordan River, israel
Papers are available on request at email@example.com
Sharon, Gonen, Leore Grosman, Hannah Fluck, Yoel Melamed, Yoel Rak, Rivka Rabinovich, and Maya Oron
2008 The First Two Excavation Seasons at NMO: A Mousterian Site at the Bank of the Jordan River. Eurasian Prehistory 7(1):129–151.
Sharon, Gonen, and Maya Oron
2014 The lithic tool arsenal of a Mousterian hunter. Quaternary International 331:167–185.
2018 A Week in the Life of the Mousterian Hunter. In The Middle and Upper Paleolithic Archeology of the Levant and Beyond, edited by Yoshihiro Nishiaki and Takeru Akazawa, pp. 35–47. Springer Singapore, Singapore.
Yarochevich A. Oron M. & Sharon G. 2022. Big-game hunting during the late Middle Paleolithic in the Levant: Insights into technology and behavior from Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet, Upper Jordan River, israel
NMO Stratigraphy and Environment
Kalbe, Johannes, Gonen Sharon, Naomi Porat, Chengjan Zhang, and Steffen Mischke
2014 Geological Setting of the Middle Paleolithic Site of NMO (Upper Jordan Valley, Israel). Quaternary International 331:139–148.
Kalbe, J., Mischke, S., Dulski, P., Sharon, G., 2015. The Middle Palaeolithic Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet site, Israel: Reconstructing the environment of Late Pleistocene wetlands in the eastern Mediterranean from ostracods. Journal of Archaeological Science. 54, 385–395.
Aharonovich, S., Sharon, G., Weinstein-Evron, M., 2014. Palynological investigations at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet, Israel. Quaternary International. 331, 149–166.
Biton, R., Bailon, S., Goren-Inbar, N., Sharon, G., Rabinovich, R., 2019. Pleistocene amphibians and squamates from the Upper Jordan Rift Valley, Gesher Benot Ya’aqov and Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet (MIS 20-18 and MIS 4/3). Quaternary Research. 91, 345–366.
Maul, L.C., Rabinovich, R., Biton, R., 2020. At the southern fringe: extant and fossil water voles of the genus Arvicola (Rodentia, Cricetidae, Arvicolinae) from Israel, with the description of a new species. Historical Biology.
Sharon, G., Feibel, C.S., Belitzky, S., Marder, O., Khalaily, H., Rabinovich, R., 2002. 1999 Jordan River Drainage Project Damages Gesher Benot Ya’aqov: A Preliminary Study of the Archaeological and Geological Implications. In: Gal, Z. (Ed.), Eretz Zafon – Studies in Galilean Archaeology. Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem, pp. 1–19.