The Acheulian locality, NBA (North of Bridge Acheulian), was discovered north of the well-known Early-Middle Pleistocene site of Gesher Benot Ya´aqov (GBY) as a result of a massive drainage operation of the Jordan River in 1999. A preliminary test excavation enabled reconstruction of the stratigraphy of the site’s layers. The Ar/Ar date of 658 ± 15 ka was determined for a basalt flow located immediately below the NBA in situ archaeological horizon, and is one of the few known dates for any Acheulian site in the Levant. The site’s rich surface collection includes a lithic assemblage resembling that of the nearby GBY Acheulian site and is dominated by basalt handaxes and cleavers. However, the assemblage has some marked differences from that of GBY, enlarging our understanding of the Levantine Acheulian variability. The NBA fauna resembles that of GBY in the species represented and in its molluscs. The main contribution of the NBA assemblage comes from the confirmation of certain aspects of the GBY lithic industry and from the few but marked differences that do appear between the assemblages. These differences deepen our knowledge of the behavior and ways of life of Acheulian hominins on the shores of the Paleo-Hula Lake during the Early Middle Pleistocene.
Jisr Banat Ya`aqub – 1934 report by M. Stekelis. At the IAA archive
In September 2022 the first season of the renewed GBY Excavation Project took placew at the GBY-NBA locality
Recent Paper: Finkel et al. Geoarchaeology 2023
First photos from the 2023 Season at GBY-NBA
GBY-NBA 2022 season in figs
Recent Paper: Finkel et al. Geoarchaeology 2023Sharon G., Feibel C., Alperson, N., Harlavan Y., Feraud G., Ashkenazi, S., & Rabinovich, R. (2010). New evidence for the Northern Dead Sea Rift Acheulian. PaleoAnthropology, 79–99. https://doi.org/10.4207/PA.2010.ART35
- Sharon, G., Feibel, C.S., Belitzky, S., Marder, O., Khalaily, H., Rabinovich, R., 2002. 1999 Jordan River Drainage Project Damages Gesher Benot Ya’aqov: A Preliminary Study of the Archaeological and Geological Implications. In: Gal, Z. (Ed.), Eretz Zafon – Studies in Galilean Archaeology. Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem, pp. 1–19.
Papers are available on request from email@example.com
GBY - NBA Publications
Jisr Banat Ya`qub – 1934 report by M. Stekelis. At the IAA archive
NBA Excavation Reports